New materialist and posthuman approaches supply sociology with an ontology that moves beyond a constructionist/post-structuralist focus upon texts and ‘discourses’, to explore the co-production of the social world by human and non-human elements.
Consequently, these approaches are of particular utility in relation to sociological work on gender, race and age stratifications and intersectionality; environment, space and place; sexualities; health and disability; pedagogy. However, the monism of these approaches cuts across many sociological dualisms including agency/structure, mind/matter, animate/inanimate and micro/macro, posing many challenges for both social theory and sociological research.
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